General information about Productivity Improvement
- Links to General Information Productivity sites
- The output of any production process, per unit of input. To increase
productivity means to produce more with less. In vegetation, productivity is
the ability to produce life: to create carbon compounds from atmospheric
carbon dioxide through photosynthesis. (See net primary production.) In
factories and corporations, productivity is a measure of the ability to create
goods and services from a given amount of labor, capital, materials, land,
resources, knowledge, time, or any combination of those. Since capital goods
tend to decline in value and wear out, most economists distinguish between
gross capital productivity (total yield) and net capital productivity, which
discounts depreciation (Source: Mintzer, 1992).
- The rate of output per unit of input. The most common international
comparison of productivity is that of labor — how much of a product a person
can make in a unit of time. For example, the labor productivity of farmer
might be measured in tons of grain produced per year.
- Average real output per unit of input. Labor productivity is average real
output per hour of labor. The growth of labor productivity is defined as the
growth of real output that is not explained by the growth of labor input
alone. Total factor productivity is average real output per unit of combined
labor and capital inputs. The growth of total factor productivity is defined
as the growth of real output that is not explained by the growth of labor and
capital. Labor productivity and total factor productivity differ in that
increases in capital per worker raise labor productivity but not total factor
productivity. [Back to top]
- The rate of production of biomass. "Primary productivity" refers to the
biomass produced by the photosynthesizing plant components of an ecosystem.
- The amount of physical output for each unit of productive input.
- Productivity is the amount of product created by one unit of a given
factor of production over a stated period of time. Productivity expresses the
marginal relationship of inputs to outputs and measures the economic
efficiency of production. Productivity indicators ordinarily relate output to
a single factor of production, creating measures like labor productivity,
capital productivity, and land productivity. Measures of multifactor
productivity, in contrast, combine productivity indicators for multiple
factors of production (labor and capital, for example) to produce a single
overall measure of productivity growth.
- Output per unit of input employed. Increases in productivity come from
increased efficiency on the part of capital or labour. It is essential to
measure productivity in terms of real output, but often impossible to separate
capital productivity from labour productivity. In common use, the term is
generally confined to labour productivity. (Pearce, 1996)
- A measure of the capacity of a biological system. The efficiency with
which a biological system converts energy into growth and production. Can be
expressed as the number of smolts produced per parent.
- A measure of technical efficiency, typically expressed as the added output
for an additional unit of input or the average output per unit of input, i.e.,
labor, land, capital productivity.
- The transfer of energy and nutrients into living matter over time.
Productivity is a function of both the growth rate and biomass of an organism
and is expressed as a rate of change. For example, primary productivity is the
rate of increase in plant material over a unit area and time, e.g., grams
Carbon/m2/yr. Secondary productivity applies to animals and is expressed in
the same terms.
- The amount of output per unit of input, such as the quantity of a product
produced per hour of capital employed.
- The rate of output per unit of input.
- An overall measure based on a quantity of output generated by a given
quantity of input. Increased output as a result of the same amount of input
such as labor hours) indicates more efficient use of a given set of resources
due to process improvements or other achievements.
- efficiency with which goods and services are produced, as measured by the
quantity produced per person per hour
- An indication of output per employee. While productivity is helpful in the
analysis of an economy, it is often misleading. This is because a reduction in
personnel can, at times of recession for example, lead to an increase in
productivity. Thus output per employee may seem encouraging while overall
economic performance is declining.
- productivity is the amount of output produced by a unit of input. 9, 43,
Productivity is used to measure the efficiency of production, and is most
often expressed as a ratio of outputs over inputs.
- The relationship between production of an output and one, some, or all of
the resource inputs used in accomplishing the assigned task. It is measured as
a ratio of output per unit of input over time. It is a measure of efficiency
and is usually considered as output per person-hour. Topic areas: Staff
Development and Organizational Capacity, Accountability and Evaluation,
Operations Management and Leadership
- Quality of production from a set of inputs. Productivity can be increased
by improving the quality of the factors of production.
- The measurement of labor efficiency when compared to an established base.
It is also used to measure equipment effectiveness, drawing productivity, etc.
The actual rate of output or production per unit of time worked.
- weight of dry matter produced in a given period by all the green plants
growing in a given space (Daubenmire 1968b).
- Savings resulting from a reduction in costs. Productivity savings can be
realized in any business segment or function of the Company.
- A term used to reflect the volume of activity of a provider, group of
providers or organization for a defined period. Productivity may be defined by
encounters, billable visits, procedures, or relative value units.
- (of thought) Thought is said to be productive, since, in a sense, normal
cognitive agents are capable of having denumerable many distinct thoughts. In
other words, to say that thought is productive means that normal cognitive
agents have the competence to entertain denumerable many distinct thoughts.
- rate of production; the amount of output per worker-hour; a measure of
industrial efficiency and economic development.
- the quality of being productive or having the power to produce
- (economics) the ratio of the quantity and quality of units produced to the
labor per unit of time